US Steel’s new electric arc furnace at Alabama facility

US Steel recently announced the successful start-up of their newly constructed, technologically advanced electric arc furnace (EAF) steelmaking facility at its Fairfield Alabama operations. The EAF will have an annual steelmaking capacity of 1.6 million tons. In the start-up process, Fairfield EAF 1 commenced its first arc, charged and melted steel scrap and on October 20, tapped its first heat of liquid steel. 

The EAF method of steelmaking utilizes electrical energy to melt a heat of steel. This process charges recycled steel scrap into the furnace, which is then heated by electric arcs; melting the scrap into liquid steel.
Image credit: SteelGuru
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