As governments worldwide strive to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate the effects of climate change, industries have taken on the challenge of meeting strict carbon reduction targets. Carbon capture has emerged as a crucial player in its ability to achieve these goals. The United States has set itself an ambitious target of capturing and storing 2.0 metric gigatons of CO2 per year by 2050, which could require up to 32 metric megatons of steel for the creation of pipelines, capture units, drilling wells, and other essential infrastructure, according to estimates from the Department of Energy.
Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) is an umbrella term that encompasses a range of technologies designed to remove CO2 from fluids, including air (Direct Air Capture) and flue gas (Industrial Capture), as well as utilizing or storing the captured CO2 underground. Usually, saline aquifers or abandoned oil and gas wells are used to store these emissions. This article will focus on Industrial Capture.