In a recent study, a cryogenic service heat exchanger that suffered seawater leakage was examined to determine what damage mechanisms were at play. Through maintenance tasks and several rounds of testing, a failure analysis was created.
Stainless steel contains a minimum of 10.5% chromium, and varying levels of nickel, molybdenum, and niobium; these alloys are what provide the properties of corrosion resistance at high temperatures. Stainless steel can also withstand corrosive or chemical environments due to its smooth surface. Compared to regular steel, stainless steel does not easily disintegrate, stain, or oxidize/rust. Stainless steels are available in an extensive range of forms, grades, finishes, gauges, widths, and lengths.